Welcome to Classical Images!
Description:This beautifully executed original pen, pencil and watercolour picture of an English Civil War battle scene was painted by John Augustus Atkinson in ca 1810.Atkinson was known for his battle scene art works during his time at the St Petersburg Court in Russia as well as his Napoleonic battle scenes from the early 19th century.Atkinson is held in high esteem as a watercolourist, and was elected as a member of the Society of Painters in Water Colours in 1808. He has works of art held at many prestigious museums in Russia, Europe and the UK, such as the Tate, Royal Watercolour Society, National Maritime Museum and many more listed below. He also sells on the open market with this piece last sold in 2004.Professionally matted and can be easily removed if required.
General Definitions:Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stablePaper color : - off whiteAge of map color: - OriginalColors used: - Blue, pink, red, green, yellowGeneral color appearance: - AuthenticPaper size: - 17in x 15in (430mm x 365mm)Plate size: - 9 3/4in x 8in (247mm x 203mm)Margins: - Min 0in (0mm)
Imperfections:Margins: - NonePlate area: - NoneVerso: - None
Background:The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians (Roundheads) and Royalists (Cavaliers) principally over the manner of Englands governance and part of the wider Wars of the Three Kingdoms. The first (1642–1646) and second (1648–1649) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.Unlike other civil wars in England, which were mainly fought over who should rule, these conflicts were also concerned with how the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland were to be governed. The outcome was threefold: the trial and execution of Charles I (1649); the exile of his son, Charles II (1651); and the replacement of English monarchy with, at first, the Commonwealth of England (1649–1653) and then the Protectorate, which as the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland unified the British Isles under the personal rule of Oliver Cromwell (1653–1658) and briefly his son Richard (1658–1659). The execution of Charles I was particularly notable given that an English king had never been executed before. In England, the monopoly of the Church of England on Christian worship was ended, while in Ireland the victors consolidated the established Protestant Ascendancy. Constitutionally, the wars established the precedent that an English monarch cannot govern without Parliaments consent, although the idea of Parliamentary sovereignty was only legally established as part of the Glorious Revolution in 1688.
Atkinson, John Augustus 1775 - 1830Atkinson was an English artist, engraver and watercolourist.He was born in London and at the age of 9, in 1784, went to live with his uncle, the famous engraver James Walker, in St Petersburg, Russia. Walker was engraver to the empress Catherine the Great 1729 - 1796 and encouraged Atkinson to study art, seeing a talent in him. Atkinson was well placed in St Petersburg to study art, being surrounded by the many collections of Catherine and the Russian Nobility, the richest in Europe. It is known that Atkinson was encouraged by Catherine herself along with and her son & later Emperor of Russia Paul I 1754 - 1801. Paul later commissioned Atkinson to paint large pieces from Russian history that can be seen in many Museums today around the world.After the death of Paul in 1801, Atkinson returned to England and in 1803 published A Picturesque Representation of the Manners, Customs, and Amusements of the Russians, in 100 plates, drawn and etched by himself. He also painted in watercolours and in 1808 was elected to the Society of Painters in Water Colours. Many of his works, during the Napoleonic wars, were of naval subjects. He painted many battle scenes including a Battle of Waterloo, which was engraved by John Burnet.His last contribution to the Royal Academy exhibition was in 1829. He died on 25 March 1830 in London.Selected Works• Carriage on Sledges 1803 Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, British Columbia• A Russian Village 1804 Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, British Columbia• Golubtza 1804 Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, British Columbia• Village Amusements 1804 Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, British Columbia• Scene from Tom Jones Courtauld Institute of Art, London• The Slack Rope Courtauld Institute of Art, London• A Belgian Waggon with Four Horses Tate Gallery, London• Illustrations to Ossian The Huntington Library, California• Heaving a Lead 1807 National Maritime Museum• Greenwich Pensioners 1808 National Maritime Museum• Skating, 1810 Tyne & Wear Museums, England• Ships of the Reign of King Edward IV 1812 - Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco• 42nd Highlanders at Waterloo Courtauld Institute of Art, London• British Sailors Boarding a Man of War 1815 National Maritime Museum