Ornithology

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1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print - Coliou Raye or The Speckled Mousebird

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print - Coliou Raye or The Speckled Mousebird

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print - Kamichi or Horned Screamer of South America

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print - Kamichi or Horned Screamer of South America

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print Becassine or Snipe Birds

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print Becassine or Snipe Birds

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print Cassican & Calao - Great Hornbill Sth America

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print Cassican & Calao - Great Hornbill Sth America

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print Le Jacamar & Le Todier or Jacamar & Flycatcher

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print Le Jacamar & Le Todier or Jacamar & Flycatcher

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of a Female Blue-knobbed Curassow of Colombia

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of a Female Blue-knobbed Curassow of Colombia

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of a Kingfisher - Le Martin-Pecheur

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of a Kingfisher - Le Martin-Pecheur

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of a Male Blue-knobbed Curassow of Colombia

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of a Male Blue-knobbed Curassow of Colombia

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Ganga- Partridges and Grouse

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Ganga- Partridges and Grouse

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Houbara Bustard Africa to China

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Houbara Bustard Africa to China

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Manucodes, Bird of Paradise Australia & PNG

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Manucodes, Bird of Paradise Australia & PNG

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Piquete or Song Bird

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Piquete or Song Bird

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Promerops or Sugarbird

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of Promerops or Sugarbird

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of the Caurale Bird of The Americas

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of the Caurale Bird of The Americas

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of The Chevalier Bird or Sandpiper

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of The Chevalier Bird or Sandpiper

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of the Fauvette

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of the Fauvette

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of The Jabiru of South America

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of The Jabiru of South America

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of The Maya or The Tree Sparrow

1760 De Buffon Antique Bird Print of The Maya or The Tree Sparrow

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Momot Bird Print or Kingfishers, Bee-eaters & Rollers

1760 De Buffon Antique Momot Bird Print or Kingfishers, Bee-eaters & Rollers

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1760 De Buffon Antique Print of Great Tinamou or Mountain Hen of South America

1760 De Buffon Antique Print of Great Tinamou or Mountain Hen of South America

Description: 
This fine exquisitely hand coloured original antique Ornithological Bird print was published in Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon in 1760.
The original hand colouring on these particular prints is spectacular, some of the best I have seen to date.

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of color: - Original
Colors used: - Yellow, blue, pink, green 
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 7in x 4 1/2in (180mm x 110mm)
Plate size: - 6 1/2in x 4in (165mm x 100mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: None
Plate area: None
Verso: None

$75.00 USD
More Info
1765 Buffon Antique Large Folio Bird Print - American Long Billed Curlew

1765 Buffon Antique Large Folio Bird Print - American Long Billed Curlew

Description:
This fine, beautifully hand coloured original antique large ornithological folio print of the American Long Billed Curlew was engraved by Francois Nicolas Martinet and published in the Histoire Naturelle de Oiseaux by Georges-Louis Leclerc or Count de Buffon & Edme Louis Daubenton between 1765-80.
These prints are in extraordinary condition with superb original colour on clean heavy chain laid paper. 

Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux, is a collection of 1,008 hand colored bird prints edited by Georges-Louis Marie Leclerc, the Count of Buffon. This was one of two major Buffon works, collectively the most comprehensive French natural history sets of their time. Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseauxwas published in 42 volumes from 1765 to 1780 by Edme Louis Daubenton in collaboration with Buffon, illustrated with engravings by Francois Nicolas Martinet.

Georges-Louis Leclerc or Count de Buffon (1707 - 1788) was a French aristocrat of formidable intellect and achievements, including books on mathematics and natural history. Although his father initially steered him toward law school, Buffon persisted in pursuing his interest in math. At the age of 20, he discovered the binomial theorem and later introduced differential and integral calculus into probability theory. He soon became fascinated with biological science, and his father relented and let him enroll in the faculty of medicine to study botany and zoology. As a young man in Paris, he befriended Voltaire and other intellectuals, and gained admission to the prestigious Academy of Science at age 27. Decades before Darwin introduced his theory of evolution, Buffon dared to challenge religious thought with empirical observations, suggesting that the earth was older than 6,000 years and that the physical resemblance between humans and apes might be explained by their having a common ancestry. While the theories he proposed to explain these phenomena were by and large incorrect, he correctly grasped that a new paradigm was needed.
De Buffon also published a different 44-volume natural history work with various studies, including birds, titled Histoire Naturelle Generale Et Particuliere (Natural History, General and Particular) (Paris, 1749-1804), which included works by various artists including Jacques Eustache de Sève. This work was his major achievement and an ambitious project characteristic of the 18th-century Enlightenment: a 44-volume encyclopedia attempting to include everything known about the natural world and widely disseminate scientific knowledge. It was the first complete natural history survey presented in a popular form, and also broke ground in attempting to separate science from theological dogma.

Francois Nicolas Martinet was a French engraver and draughtsman. In 1756, he was working for the court of France as Graveur du Cabinet du Roi, under the auspices of the Menus Plaisirs du Roi, making engravings after drawings by others of such subjects as the May Ball at Versailles during the Carnival of 1763. In the same period, Martinet produced illustrations for plays or comic operas by such contemporaries as Marmontel, Voltaire and Philidor. Some of these he engraved himself, while others were drawn by him but engraved by his sister Thérèse Martinet (born c. 1731). He is best known for his engravings of birds for Comte de Buffon's, Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux published in Paris from 1770-86. In 1768, a comprehensive group of natural history studies drafted by Martinet, and engraved by Robert Bénard were included in the natural history volume of Diderot and Alembert’sEncyclopédie. Martinet also drew and engraved portraits, landscapes and genre scenes. (Ref: Tooley; M&B)

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of map color: - Original
Colors used: - Green, blue, yellow
General color appearance: - Authentic
Paper size: - 12in x 9in (305mm x 230mm)
Plate size: - 10in x 8in (255mm x 205mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (15mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: - None
Plate area: - None
Verso: - None

$325.00 USD
More Info
1765 Count De Buffon Large Antique Folio Ornithological Print European Bee Eater

1765 Count De Buffon Large Antique Folio Ornithological Print European Bee Eater

Description: This fine, beautifully hand coloured original antique ornithological print of the European Bee Eater or Le Guepier was engraved by Francois Nicolas Martinet and was published in the 1765 edition of Georges-Louis Leclerc or Count de Buffon Histoire Naturelle de Oiseaux the volumes printedbetween 1765-80.
*Please do not be confused between these larger fine folio prints and the later, smaller  8vo prints.

Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux, is a collection of 1,008 hand colored bird prints edited by Georges-Louis Marie Leclerc, the Count of Buffon. This was one of two major de Buffon works, collectively the most comprehensive French natural history sets of their time. Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseauxwas published in 42 volumes from 1765 to 1780 by Edme Louis Daubenton in  collaboration with de Buffon, illustrated with engravings by Francois Nicolas Martinet.

Georges-Louis Leclerc or Count de Buffon (1707 - 1788) was a French aristocrat of formidable intellect and achievements, including books on mathematics and natural history. Although his father initially steered him toward law school, Buffon persisted in pursuing his interest in math. At the age of 20, he discovered the binomial theorem and later introduced differential and integral calculus into probability theory. He soon became fascinated with biological science, and his father relented and let him enroll in the faculty of medicine to study botany and zoology. As a young man in Paris, he befriended Voltaire and other intellectuals, and gained admission to the prestigious Academy of Science at age 27. Decades before Darwin introduced his theory of evolution, Buffon dared to challenge religious thought with empirical observations, suggesting that the earth was older than 6,000 years and that the physical resemblance between humans and apes might be explained by their having a common ancestry. While the theories he proposed to explain these phenomena were by and large incorrect, he correctly grasped that a new paradigm was needed.
De Buffon also published a different 44-volume natural history work with various studies, including birds, titled Histoire Naturelle Generale Et Particuliere (Natural History, General and Particular) (Paris, 1749-1804), which included works by various artists including Jacques Eustache de Sève. This work was his major achievement and an ambitious project characteristic of the 18th-century Enlightenment: a 44-volume encyclopedia attempting to include everything known about the natural world and widely disseminate scientific knowledge. It was the first complete natural history survey presented in a popular form, and also broke ground in attempting to separate science from theological dogma.

Francois Nicolas Martinet was a French engraver and draughtsman. In 1756, he was working for the court of France as Graveur du Cabinet du Roi, under the auspices of the Menus Plaisirs du Roi, making engravings after drawings by others of such subjects as the May Ball at Versailles during the Carnival of 1763. In the same period, Martinet produced illustrations for plays or comic operas by such contemporaries as Marmontel, Voltaire and Philidor. Some of these he engraved himself, while others were drawn by him but engraved by his sister Thérèse Martinet (born c. 1731). He is best known for his engravings of birds for Comte de Buffon's, Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux published in Paris from 1770-86. In 1768, a comprehensive group of natural history studies drafted by Martinet, and engraved by Robert Bénard were included in the natural history volume of Diderot and Alembert’s Encyclopédie. Martinet also drew and engraved portraits, landscapes and genre scenes. (Ref: Tooley; M&B)

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of map color: - Original
Colors used: - Green, blue, yellow
General color appearance: - Authentic
Paper size: - 12in x 9in (305mm x 230mm)
Plate size: - 10in x 8in (255mm x 205mm)
Margins: - Min 1in (25mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: - None
Plate area: - None
Verso: - None

$325.00 USD
More Info
1765 De Buffon Large Antique Folio Bird Print - Piebald Leucistic Common Grackle

1765 De Buffon Large Antique Folio Bird Print - Piebald Leucistic Common Grackle

Description:
This fine, beautifully hand coloured original antique large ornithological folio print of the North American Piebald Leucistic Common Grackle was engraved by Francois Nicolas Martinet and published in the Histoire Naturelle de Oiseaux by Georges-Louis Leclerc or Count de Buffon & Edme Louis Daubenton between 1765-80.
These prints are in extraordinary condition with superb original colour on clean heavy chain laid paper. 

Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux, is a collection of 1,008 hand colored bird prints edited by Georges-Louis Marie Leclerc, the Count of Buffon. This was one of two major Buffon works, collectively the most comprehensive French natural history sets of their time. Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseauxwas published in 42 volumes from 1765 to 1780 by Edme Louis Daubenton in collaboration with Buffon, illustrated with engravings by Francois Nicolas Martinet.

Georges-Louis Leclerc or Count de Buffon (1707 - 1788) was a French aristocrat of formidable intellect and achievements, including books on mathematics and natural history. Although his father initially steered him toward law school, Buffon persisted in pursuing his interest in math. At the age of 20, he discovered the binomial theorem and later introduced differential and integral calculus into probability theory. He soon became fascinated with biological science, and his father relented and let him enroll in the faculty of medicine to study botany and zoology. As a young man in Paris, he befriended Voltaire and other intellectuals, and gained admission to the prestigious Academy of Science at age 27. Decades before Darwin introduced his theory of evolution, Buffon dared to challenge religious thought with empirical observations, suggesting that the earth was older than 6,000 years and that the physical resemblance between humans and apes might be explained by their having a common ancestry. While the theories he proposed to explain these phenomena were by and large incorrect, he correctly grasped that a new paradigm was needed.
De Buffon also published a different 44-volume natural history work with various studies, including birds, titled Histoire Naturelle Generale Et Particuliere (Natural History, General and Particular) (Paris, 1749-1804), which included works by various artists including Jacques Eustache de Sève. This work was his major achievement and an ambitious project characteristic of the 18th-century Enlightenment: a 44-volume encyclopedia attempting to include everything known about the natural world and widely disseminate scientific knowledge. It was the first complete natural history survey presented in a popular form, and also broke ground in attempting to separate science from theological dogma.

Francois Nicolas Martinet was a French engraver and draughtsman. In 1756, he was working for the court of France as Graveur du Cabinet du Roi, under the auspices of the Menus Plaisirs du Roi, making engravings after drawings by others of such subjects as the May Ball at Versailles during the Carnival of 1763. In the same period, Martinet produced illustrations for plays or comic operas by such contemporaries as Marmontel, Voltaire and Philidor. Some of these he engraved himself, while others were drawn by him but engraved by his sister Thérèse Martinet (born c. 1731). He is best known for his engravings of birds for Comte de Buffon's, Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux published in Paris from 1770-86. In 1768, a comprehensive group of natural history studies drafted by Martinet, and engraved by Robert Bénard were included in the natural history volume of Diderot and Alembert’sEncyclopédie. Martinet also drew and engraved portraits, landscapes and genre scenes. (Ref: Tooley; M&B)

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of map color: - Original
Colors used: - Green, blue, yellow
General color appearance: - Authentic
Paper size: - 12in x 9in (305mm x 230mm)
Plate size: - 10in x 8in (255mm x 205mm)
Margins: - Min 1/2in (15mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: - None
Plate area: - None
Verso: - None

$325.00 USD
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1765 De Buffon Large Antique Folio Bird Print of North American Hairy Woodpecker

1765 De Buffon Large Antique Folio Bird Print of North American Hairy Woodpecker

Description: 
This fine, beautifully hand coloured original antique ornithogical bird print of the North American Hairy Woodpecker was engraved by Francois Nicolas Martinet and published in the 1765 edition of George Louis Leclerc or Count de Buffon Histore Naturelle de Oiseauxwith the total volumes printed between 1765 to 1780.
 *Please do not be confused between these larger fine folio prints and the later, smaller  8vo prints.

Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux, is a collection of 1,008 hand colored bird prints edited by Georges-Louis Marie Leclerc, the Count of Buffon. This was one of two major de Buffon works, collectively the most comprehensive French natural history sets of their time. Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux was published in 42 volumes from 1765 to 1780 by Edme Louis Daubenton in  collaboration with de Buffon, illustrated with engravings by Francois Nicolas Martinet.

Georges-Louis Leclerc or Count de Buffon (1707 - 1788) was a French aristocrat of formidable intellect and achievements, including books on mathematics and natural history. Although his father initially steered him toward law school, Buffon persisted in pursuing his interest in math. At the age of 20, he discovered the binomial theorem and later introduced differential and integral calculus into probability theory. He soon became fascinated with biological science, and his father relented and let him enroll in the faculty of medicine to study botany and zoology. As a young man in Paris, he befriended Voltaire and other intellectuals, and gained admission to the prestigious Academy of Science at age 27. Decades before Darwin introduced his theory of evolution, Buffon dared to challenge religious thought with empirical observations, suggesting that the earth was older than 6,000 years and that the physical resemblance between humans and apes might be explained by their having a common ancestry. While the theories he proposed to explain these phenomena were by and large incorrect, he correctly grasped that a new paradigm was needed.
De Buffon also published a different 44-volume natural history work with various studies, including birds, titled Histoire Naturelle Generale Et Particuliere (Natural History, General and Particular) (Paris, 1749-1804), which included works by various artists including Jacques Eustache de Sève. This work was his major achievement and an ambitious project characteristic of the 18th-century Enlightenment: a 44-volume encyclopedia attempting to include everything known about the natural world and widely disseminate scientific knowledge. It was the first complete natural history survey presented in a popular form, and also broke ground in attempting to separate science from theological dogma.

Francois Nicolas Martinet was a French engraver and draughtsman. In 1756, he was working for the court of France as Graveur du Cabinet du Roi, under the auspices of the Menus Plaisirs du Roi, making engravings after drawings by others of such subjects as the May Ball at Versailles during the Carnival of 1763. In the same period, Martinet produced illustrations for plays or comic operas by such contemporaries as Marmontel, Voltaire and Philidor. Some of these he engraved himself, while others were drawn by him but engraved by his sister Thérèse Martinet (born c. 1731). He is best known for his engravings of birds for Comte de Buffon's, Histoire Naturelle Des Oiseaux published in Paris from 1770-86. In 1768, a comprehensive group of natural history studies drafted by Martinet, and engraved by Robert Bénard were included in the natural history volume of Diderot and Alembert’s Encyclopédie. Martinet also drew and engraved portraits, landscapes and genre scenes. (Ref: Tooley; M&B)

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of map color: - Original
Colors used: - Green, blue, yellow
General color appearance: - Authentic
Paper size: - 12in x 9in (305mm x 230mm)
Plate size: - 10in x 8in (255mm x 205mm)
Margins: - Min 1in (25mm)

Imperfections:
Margins: - None
Plate area: - None
Verso: - None

$375.00 USD
More Info