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Description:This original lithograph antique map of Australia & The South Pacific Ocean by George Philip & Son in 1855 and was print by J. Gellatley.
General Definitions:Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stablePaper color : - off whiteAge of map color: - OriginalColors used: - Yellow, green, blue, pinkGeneral color appearance: - AuthenticPaper size: - 25in x 20 1/2in (630mm x 520mm)Plate size: - 25in x 20 1/2in (630mm x 520mm)Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm)
Imperfections:Margins: - Bottom left margin corner rippedPlate area: - NoneVerso: - None
Background: This map is easily dated as Queensland is still named NSW, with statehood achieved in 1859.
Philip, George 1800–1882George Philip was a cartographer and map publisher. He had one son, also George (1823–1902), who was admitted to the business in 1848. The eventual company, George Philip & Son Ltd, continued to operate successfully until in 1987 when it was sold to Reed International .George senior was born in Huntly, Aberdeenshire to a staunchly Calvinist family. In 1819 he became assistant to the Liverpool bookseller, William Grapel and in 1834 started his own business in Liverpool producing maps and educational books.The business expanded rapidly. He used cartographers (such as John Bartholomew the elder, August Petermann, and William Hughes) to produce maps on copper plates. Philip then had these printed and hand-coloured by his women tinters. By the time he produced his county maps of 1862 he was using machine coloured maps produced on power-driven lithographic presses.The firm also supplied atlases and textbooks overseas starting with an atlas for Australian schools in 1865 and for New Zealand in 1869. The demand from board schools, established after 1870, enabled further expansion in the market for general textbooks, school stationery, atlases and wall maps