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Description:This scarce, fine early lithograph of Bridge St in the city of Chester, England by the British artist Francis Nicholson was print by the Charles Joseph Hullmandel in 1821 - dated at the foot of the print.
General Definitions:Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stablePaper color : - off whiteAge of map color: -Colors used: -General color appearance: -Paper size: - 16 1/2in x 12 1/2in (420mm x 315mm)Plate size: - 16 1/2in x 12 1/2in (420mm x 315mm)Margins: - Min 1in (25mm)
Imperfections:Margins: - Soiling, repair to top & bottom margin, no lossPlate area: - NoneVerso: - Soiling
Background: Francis Nicholson 1753 – 1844 was a British artist, born in Pickering, North Yorkshire. He worked in watercolour and oil, and is mainly known as a landscape artist.Nicholson studied with a local artist in Scarborough, before beginning his career in his native Pickering, producing sporting pictures and portraits for a variety of Yorkshire patrons. By the mid-1780s he was also making paintings of country houses, leading him to concentrate on landscapes in watercolour.From 1789, he contributed views of both Yorkshire and Scotland to exhibitions at the Royal Academy. He also supplied topographical views for the Copper Plate Magazine.He contributed Views of England in collaboration with the engraver Francis Jukes to The Beauties of England and Wales, Author: Britton, John & Edward Wedlake Brayley - A book published in 18 volumes from 1801 to 1815.Although his market increasingly became London-based, Nicholson continued to live in Yorkshire - at Whitby, Knaresborough and Ripon. He did not move to London until about 1803. In 1804, he became a founder-member of the Society of Painters in Watercolours, and was a regular and prolific contributor to its exhibitions.He wrote a handbook, The practice of drawing and painting landscape from nature, in water colours, which was published in 1820. It sold out and a second edition followed in 1823.His c. 1837 self-portrait is in the National Portrait Gallery. & is known as the Father of water colour painting and also as an early pioneer of lithography, and was much admired by Turner.Nicholson died in London and is buried there in Brompton Cemetery.
Hullmandel, Charles Joseph 1789 – 1850 Hullmandel was born in London, where he maintained a lithographic establishment on Great Marlborough Street from about 1819 until his death.He was born in Queen Street, Mayfair. His father was a German-speaking musician and composer, Nicolaus Joseph Hüllmandel (1751–1823), a native of Strasbourg who became a pupil of C. P. E. Bach and from 1780 spent ten years as a fashionable music teacher in Paris. In 1787 he married a Mademoiselle du Cazan, who was of a noble French family, and in 1789 sent his wife to England, following her in 1790, as the French Revolution unfolded.As a young man, Charles Hullmandel studied art and spent several years living and working in continental Europe. He learned printmaking and printed many of his own works. In 1818, he set up a printing press in London after a visit to Munich with Rudolph Ackermann and went on to study chemistry under Michael Faraday for the purpose of improving his printing.During the first half of the 19th century Hullmandel became one of the most important figures in the development of British lithography, and his name appears on the imprints of thousands of lithographic prints. He developed a method for reproducing gradations in tones and for creating the effect of soft colour washes which enabled the printed reproduction of Romantic landscape paintings of the type made popular in England by J. M. W. Turner. Hullmandel\\\'s essay The Art of Drawing on Stone (1824) was an important handbook of lithography. In 1843 he went into partnership with Joseph Fowell Walton (born 1812, living 1863), a cousin of the landscape artist and lithographer W. L. Walton, the firm then becoming known as Hullmandel & Walton.