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Description: This finely engraved, beautifully detailed, high quality original antique print of card 49 of the Mantegna Tarocchi or Tarot Cards, was engraved and published by the famous French Artist Amand Durand in 1870 after a 15th century wood-cut plate.
The Tarocchi di Mantegna is a set of 50 copper-engraved emblematical images (c.1465) which were probably a social pastime, or an instructional or educational series. It is not clear whether they were produced by Andrea Mantegna (1431-1503), however, the subjects of the set are mentioned by Giorgio Vasari who writes in his Lives about Mantegna that he created copper prints of trionfi - another name for the tarot Trumps.
There are no suits and the images are numbered consecutively from 1 to 50, divided into the following groups: Society; Apollo and the Nine Muses; the Arts and the Sciences; the Seven Virtues and Sun, Time and the World; the Planets and the Spheres. Thus we have a system of divine activities and functions reflecting an ideological structure. There are a number of versions and copies by different artists. Of the known examples none were made into a pack of playing cards, but were printed onto thin paper as black and white outlines. However, woodcut copies of these engraved images occur in later educational or didactic books
In the debates and speculation regarding the origin, purpose and meaning of the “Mantegna Tarocchi” series, some misconceptions have been perpetuated from earlier literature. Possibly they represent a humanist world view or cosmology of the day; the outward design and hierarchical structure, beginning with the fool and leading up via craftsmen to the aristocracy, the king and the pope, through the muses, virtues and planets to the Cosmic Principles, reflects an androcratic ideology. Each figure has a name and a number. In some respects they remind us of the Hofämterspiel. A distinction is that the Tarocchi reflects a world order prompted by humanism, with the aristocracy and the church ranking lower than the arts, the sciences, the virtues, the planets and the spheres. The Hofämterspiel reflects feudal society.
Card games based around the Virtues and Vices, or Social Subjects, have of course been produced from time to time over the centuries. Possibly the tarot trumps were merely an alternative or condensed version of these images, which most educated people would recognise, added to a pack of cards for the purpose of making a new card game.
Charles Amand Durand (1831-1905) was an innovation and passionate engraver & artist who resurrected the fading copper & wood plates of various Old Masters from the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries such as Rembarant, Albrect Drurer, Hans Sebald Beham and others. He admired their etchings and engravings which he noted through the ravages of time had faded and were no longer producing quality impressions.
Durand's re-engravings are so well respected major collectors throughout Europe sought to acquire them, including the French Biblioteque Nationale and the Louvre Museum in Paris. Born in Paris and became a master engraver early in his career. He deeply admired the 15th, 16th, and 17th century Old Masters’ engravings and saw how they lost quality and faded from the ravages of time. This realization, combined with in-depth research throughout public and private collections of these masters, inspired Durands dedication to recreate their images and preserve the original quality for future generations.
General Description: Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy & stable Paper color: - Off white Age of map color: - Colors used: - General color appearance: - Paper size: - 14in x 9 1/2in (350mm x 240mm) Margins: - Min 1in (25mm)
Imperfections: Margins: - None Plate area: - None Verso: - None