1858 Dufour Very Large Antique Map of Texas, California, SW US, Mexico

Cartographer :Adolphe Hippolyte Dufour

  • Title : Mexique Antilles et Californie Dressee par A H Dufour Gravee CH Dyonnet..1858
  • Ref #:  61025
  • Size: 33in x 24in (840mm x 610mm)
  • Date : 1858
  • Condition: (A+) Fine Condition

This scarce very large elephant folio, finely executed hand coloured map of North Central America centering on Texas and the SW region was engraved by Charles Dyonnet in 1858 - dated in the title - for Adolphe Hippolyte Dufour's monumental elephant folio Atlas Physique, Historique et Politique Geographie Moderne published by Pauline Et La Chevalier, Paris.  

Background: This large, handsome map covers the United States, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. The interior of the continent is well delineated noting mountains, rivers and many Native American tribes. In the West there are several large territories including Nebraska, Kanzas, Utah, New Mexico, Washington and Oregon. Utah Territory and New Mexico territories are shown in very unusual configurations with the eastern border of California defined by the Sierra Nevada range rather than by straight boundary lines. A color key identifies European colonial possessions including German and French colonies in Texas. Castroville appears as the major town in the Col. Française, which extends west to the Frio River. The Col. Allemande shows the Adelsverein's area between the Colorado and Llano Rivers with Fredericksburg as its primary town. An expansive West Texas presents a very wide Panhandle and Trans-Pecos region. The two inserts are of the French Caribbean island possessions (Guadeloupe and Martinique), the remnants of France's once extensive New World empire.

Adolphe Hippolyte Dufour (1795 - 1865) also known as Auguste-Henri Dufour, was a Paris based map and atlas publisher active in the middle to late 19th century. Dufour claimed to be a student of another French cartographer, Emile Lapie. He is known to have worked with numerous other cartographers, publishers and engravers of the period including Charles Dyonnet and Duvotenay. His corpus includes numerous maps and atlases, the most striking of which is probably his monumental elephant folioAtlas Universel physique, historique et politique geographie ancienne et moderne. Dufour's student and successor was Alexandre Vuillemin. 

Charles Dyonnet (fl. c. 1822 - c. 1880) was an extremely active Paris based engraver working in the mid to late 19th century. From his offices at 220 Rue St. Jacques, Paris, Dyonnet engraved numerous maps for many of the most prominent 19th French cartographic publishers including Vuillemin, Dufour, Fremin and Duvotenay. From 1850-1861, he held the coveted position of "Graveur du Dépot de la Marine," and in this position engraved numerous French naval and military maps. Dyonnet had a detail oriented and aesthetically minded hand and is responsible from some of the most beautiful French maps to emerge during the 19th century. (Ref: M&B; Tooley)

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy & stable
Paper color: - White
Age of map color: - Original 
Colors used: - Yellow, red, green, blue
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 33in x 24in (840mm x 610mm)
Paper size: - 33in x 24in (840mm x 610mm)
Margins: - Min 1in (24mm)

Margins: - None
Plate area: - None
Verso: - None