1780 Cook Large Antique Map of the Straits of Magellan, South America

Cartographer : Captain James Cook

  • TitleCarte Du Detroit De Magellan dans laquelle on a Insere Les Observations et Les Decouvertes Du Capne Byron, du Capne Wallis, et du Capne Carteret
  • Ref #:  50008
  • Size: 30 1/2in x 21 1/2in (775mm x 545mm)
  • Date : 1780
  • Condition: (A+) Fine Condition

This large hand coloured original antique map a sea chart of the Straits of Magellan and the Patagonian shore was published in 1785 in the French edition of Cooks Voyages.
This detailed map includes information on shoreline topography, different channels, soundings, shoals, harbors and small islands. Anchorages, capes & bays. Top of chart includes 4 finely engraved landfall approach views of 1.Vue Du Port Famine 2. Cap Beau Tems 3.Cap Des Vierges 4. Rochers blanc. (white rocks). Chart includes large compass rose and depicts the discoveries of the navigators, Byron, Wallis and Carteret.

Cook was recognized by his contemporaries as a highly competent navigator and scientific observer. The map clearly details his departure from the more established routes crossing the Pacific at a higher latitude, making it inevitable that he reached New Holland's east coast. Note the more northerly route taken by Cooks predecessors through calmer waters, thus missing the prize of the east coast of Australia.
Shortly after the return of the Cook expedition (3rd) to England, copies of the engravings were smuggled out to Paris and a French issue of the third voyage was published in Paris, 1785. The engravings by Webber (Official artist of the voyage) were used by the French engraver Benard, with French titles substituted. These were of equal quality to the English edition, on good strong hand-made paper. Many of the views are the first ever seen in Europe of the Pacific Islands.
The first printed account of the first voyage under Cook's command was this anonymously published work. Surreptitiously edited and printed by Thomas Becket only two months after the expedition returned to England, it was published almost two years before the official account by John Hawkesworth appeared. As described on the title page, the book related "various occurrences of the voyage, with descriptions of several new discovered countries in the southern hemisphere." The work also provided much information about the native inhabitants encountered on the voyage, including "a concise vocabulary of the language of Otahitee" [Tahiti]. The text was quickly disseminated with a second English edition published in Dublin as well as translations into German and French the following year. French editions were also printed in 1773, 1777, 1782, and 1793.

Condition Report:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of map color: - Later
Colors used: - Yellow, green, blue, pink
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 30 1/2in x 21 1/2in (775mm x 545mm)
Plate size: - 30in x 20in (765mm x 510mm)
Margins: - 1/4 in (6mm)

Margins: - None
Plate area: -  Folds as issued
Verso: - None