1772 De Vaugondy Antique Map North-West Passage, Alaska America, New Albion

Cartographer : Robert De Vaugondy

  • Title : Carte Generale Des Decouvertes De L'Amiral De Fonte representant la grande probabilite d'un Passage au Nord Ouestg par Thomas Jefferys . . . 1768
  • Date : 1772
  • Condition: (B) Good Condition
  • Ref:  30844
  • Size: 19in x 15 3/4in (480mm x 400mm) 

This fascinating large original antique map of the NW coast of America based upon the Thomas Jefferys map of 1768 by Robert De Vaugondy in 1772 - dated at the foot of the map - was published by Denis Diderot (1713-84) in his famous publication Encyclopaedie Raisonee des Sciences des Artes, 1751-1772. Interesting map of the NW Coast of America and the NE Coast of Asia, based upon the Thomas Jefferys map of 1768.

Prior to Cook's 1st Voyage, the English, French and Russians were actively debating the cartography of the region in the North Pacific between Asia and North America. The Russian explorations of the first half of the 18th Century, including those by Behring, Tchirikow and others, had been reported by JN De L'Isle, who had worked with the Russians and was privy to their latest discoveries. The mythical voyages of De Fuca, d'Aguilar and De Font were still very much in evidence in contemporary cartography, as were concepts of a NW Passage, the Sea of the West, River of the West and other vestiges of 16th and 17th Century conjectural/mythical cartography.

Following the publication by Buache of his maps on the region, the debate between the French and English was quite fertile, so much so that Diderot dedicated most of his 10 map supplments to the region.

This map shows the Jefferys model, including a wide De Fuca based River from Puget Sound to the Atlantic over Hudson's Bay, several significant rivers flowing from the Pacific to the middle of North America, and Jesuit based water passages from the Pacific to the Arctic Seas. A marvelous approximation of Alaskan Archipelago is shown, along with the Russian discoveries.

At the time of publication these maps of Encyclopedie were some of the most in-depth and accurate maps published of Asia, Canada, California and the NW region of America. Diderot's maps were intended to further an understanding of the Western Coast of America, and NE Asia, during a time period immediately prior to Cook's  voyage to the region - less than a decade later- where numerous theories abounded on the NW Coast of America. A nice dark impression of this essential map for American map collectors. (Ref: Tooley; M&B)

Condition Report:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - off white
Age of map color: - 
Colors used: -  General color appearance: - 
Paper size: - 19in x 15 3/4in (480mm x 400mm)
Plate size: - 16in x 12 1/2in (410mm x 320mm)
Margins: - Min 1in (25mm)

Margins: - None
Plate area: - Light age toning along folds as issued, small loss to center fold
Verso: - Re-enforced along fold