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Description: This fine hand coloured original antique map a detailed chart of the Baltic Sea and the coastlines of Sweden, Finaland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia & Poland was engraved by Richard Seale and published in the 1745 edition of Mr Rapins History. The map significantly contains an early inset map of the Harbour of Petersburg showing the narrow, protected approach to the city. Includes a decorative compass rose with radiating rhumb lines, plus a very decorative title cartouche.
St Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great in 1703 as Russia’s “window on Europe.” The first building was the Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy (Hare) Island. The earliest residential property was the wooden Cabin of Peter of Great.Peter invited architects and engineers from all over Europe to build a new Western capital. The first boulevards and stone palaces were decorated by foreign painters and sculptors. Peterhof was created on the Gulf of Finland to rival Versailles.In the middle of the eighteenth century, Peter’s daughter Elizabeth commissioned such Baroque masterpieces as the Winter Palace on the River Neva and the Catherine Palace at Tsarskoe Selo. She was followed by Catherine the Great, who preferred Neoclassical architecture and founded the Hermitage in 1764.Confusion following the sudden death of Tsar Alexander I led to the first Russian revolution in 1825 – the Decembrist Revolt. This period was followed by a flourishing of the arts known as the Golden Age of Russian culture. St Petersburg inspired such famous writers as Alexander Pushkin, Nikolai Gogol and Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
Russia underwent rapid industrialisation in the second half of the nineteenth century. After Tsar Alexander II abolished serfdom in 1861, many peasants flooded to St Petersburg in search of work. The growth of industry and urban sprawl contributed to the spread of Socialist and other revolutionary ideas. Discontent with the Russo-Japanese War culminated in a year of revolution in 1905. Between 1905 and 1914, St Petersburg was the centre of a second wave of cultural achievements, known as the Silver Age. Russian artists, choreographers and composers revolutionised world painting, ballet and music. In 1914, Russia entered the First World War on the side of the Western Allies. The German-sounding name of St Petersburg was changed to the more Slavonic Petrograd. In 1917, discontent with the war led to the February Revolution and the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. The war continued until the Provisional Government was overthrown by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks in the October Revolution. As the civil war spread, the Communist government was forced to move the capital back to Moscow in 1918. In 1924, Petrograd was renamed Leningrad.
Paul Rapin de Thoiras was a Frenchman responsible for publishing ten elaborate volumes on the History of England Histoire D’ Angleterre published between 1724-27. In 1745 his work was translated and updated by Nicholas Tindal and called “Tindal’s Continuation of Mr. Rapin’s History of England”. Included with the English edition of Rapins work was an atlas containing 45 maps, battle plans and town plans of the Spanish War of Succession (1701-13) engraved by Richard William Seale and John Basire. Richard William Seale was an engraver and publisher from London responsible for publishing a number of fine and detailed maps of the continents between 1744-47. (Ref Tooley M&B)
General Description: Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy & stable Paper color: - off white Age of map color: - Early Colors used: - Pink, yellow, green General color appearance: - Authentic Paper size: - 21in x 15 1/2in (535mm x 395mm) Plate size: - 19in x 15in (482mm x 380mm) Margins: - Min 1/2in (12mm) Imperfections: Margins: - None Plate area: - Folds as issued Verso: - None