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Description: This large fine, important landmark, hand coloured original antique map of Mexico, North America The Colonial United States and the Gulf of Mexico was published by Guillaume Delisle in 1703, dated in cartouche and re-issued in 1708.
Background:The importance of this first edition third state landmark map by Guillaume Delisle cannot be overstated. It was the first map to accurately depict the course and mouth of the Mississippi River. Much of the map was drawn from reports brought back to France from the survivor's of the La Salle expedition into the interior of North America and from information derived from the explorations of Bienville and d'Iberville. In the year preceding the publication of the map, Delisle utilised his position with the King of France to gain access to the best available information from the new world.
During this time, he compiled the geographical data from the reports of the French Jesuit Missionaries and explorer's in North America, along with Spanish manuscript maps (often copied by the Missionaries while they were acting in the service of the Spanish as spiritual guides and gaining their confidence). The result of this work were a series of 4 landmark maps of America, including his map of North America (L'Amerique Septentrionale, 1700), Canada and the Great Lakes (Carte du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France 1703) and the Mississippi Valley & Gulf Coast (Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi 1708) and of course this map.
Carl Wheat called this map a "towering landmark along the path of Western cartographic development." De L'Isle's map also inlcuded greater accuracy in the Great Lakes region and in its depiction of English settlements along the East Coast. Excellent detail of the Indian villages in East Texas, based upon the reports of Iberville and the Spanish missionaries. The best depiction of the Southwest to date, with early trails & Indian tribes. Cumming described the map as "profoundly influential. This is a beautifully engraved and hand coloured map by one of the finest French cartographers of the 18th century. (Ref: Cummings; M&B; Tooley)
Condition Report Paper thickness and quality: - Very heavy and stable Paper colour: - Off white Age of map colour: - Original & later Colours used: - Yellow, green, pink, blue General colour appearance: - Fresh Paper size: - 26 1/4in x 19 1/4in (670mm x 495mm) Plate size: - 26in x 19in (600mm x 485mm) Margins: - Min 1/2in (10mm)
Imperfections: Margins: - None Plate area: - None Verso: - None