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Description: This finely engraved beautifully hand coloured original antique map of the French county of Franche Comte - on the eastern border with Switzerland & Lake Geneva - by Jan Jansson was published in the 1628 edition of Mercators Atlas by Jan Jansson and Henricus Hondius.
Franche-Comté is an administrative region and a traditional province of eastern France. The region's name is derived from Franche Comté de Bourgogne (Free County of Burgundy), thusly named after it was separated from what is now the region of Burgundy proper in the 15th century. This region borders Switzerland and shares much of its architecture, cuisine, and culture with its neighbour. The name Franche Comté de Bourgogne did not officially appear until 1366. It had been a territory of the County of Burgundy from 888, the province becoming subject to the Holy Roman Empire in 1034. It was definitively separated from the neighboring Duchy of Burgundy upon the latter's incorporation into the Kingdom of France in 1477. That year at the Battle of Nancy during the Burgundian Wars, the last duke, Charles the Bold, was killed in battle. It was incorporated into the territories of the Habsburg monarchy with the marriage of Mary of Burgundy with Maximilian I. The territory was inherited by Philip II of Spain, from his father the emperor Charles V. Franche-Comté was captured by France in 1668 but returned under the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapel le. It was conquered a second time in 1674, and was finally ceded to France in the Treaty of Nijmegen (1678). Enclaves such as Montbéliard remained outside French control. Franche-Comté was one of the last parts of France to have serfdom. In 1784, half the population were serfs, accounting for 400,000 out of the 1 million French serfs. Landowners took one-twelfth of the sales price if a serf (mainmortable) wanted to sell up. Serfs were not forced to stay on the land, but the lord could claim droit de suite, whereby a peasant who died away from his holding left it to the lord, even if he had heirs. A runaway serf's land was forfeit after ten years. Louis XVI issued a decree banning these practices on 8 August 1779 but the Parlement of Besançon blocked this until 1787. (Ref: Tooley, Koeman)
General Description: Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable Paper color: - off white Age of map color: - Original Colors used: - Green, red, orange, yellow, blue General color appearance: - Authentic Paper size: - 23 1/2in x 20in (610mm x 510mm) Plate size: - 19 1/2in x 15 1/2in (500mm x 390mm) Margins: - Min 2in (50mm) Imperfections: Margins: - None Plate area: - None Verso: - None